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Table 2 Patient Characteristics (n=50)

From: Effect of central sensitization on dizziness-related symptoms of persistent postural-perceptual dizziness

  Non-CSS(n=35) CSS(n=15) P value
Sex    0.99
Male 12(34.3%) 5(33.3%)  
Female 23(65.7%) 10(66.7%)  
Age(years ±SD) 56.2 ±15.1 48.6 ±14.8 0.11
Habit    
Smoking 3(8.6%) 6(40.0%) 0.02
Drinking 8(22.9%) 4(26.7%) 0.99
Education(year) 13.1 ±2.6 14.2 ±2.7 0.16
Married 26(74.3%) 8(53.3%) 0.19
Disease duration(month) 11.0 [5.0-24.0] 11.0 [6.0-22.0] 0.96
Treatment duration(month) 9.0 [4.0-30.0] 9.0 [5.5-24.5] 0.92
Medical therapy    
Antidepressant 17(48.6%) 6(40.0%) 0.95
Benzodiazepines 15(42.9%) 9(60.0%) 0.42
Questionnaire(cut-off)    
DHI(\(\geqq \)46) 9(25.7%) 9(60.0%) 0.04
HADS Anxiety(\(\geqq \)8) 5(14.3%) 12(80.0%) <0.001
HADS Depression(\(\geqq \)8) 9(25.7%) 11(73.3%) 0.004
PSQI(\(\geqq \)6) 20(57.1%) 12(80.0%) 0.22
  1. DHI dizziness handicap inventory, HADS hospital anxiety and depression scale, PSQI Pittsburgh sleep quality index
  2. Values are given as mean (±standard deviation) or median (inter quartile range)