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Table 1 Age, proportion of men and women, and HADS scores in the trajectory groups

From: Trajectories of objectively measured physical activity and mood states in older Japanese adults: longitudinal data from the Nakanojo Study

Tukey’s multiple comparison
Daily step counts Group 1 (n = 30) Group 2 (n = 77) Group 3 (n = 50) Group 4 (n = 26) Group 5 (n = 6) Group 6 (n = 2)  
Age* 71.9 (4.6) 70.4 (4.5) 67.8 (2.7) 67.9 (3.0) 69.7 (4.6) 68.0 (1.4) Group 1 > Group 3 (p < 0.01), Group 1 > Group 4 (p < 0.01), Group 2 > Group 3 (p < 0.01)
Number of men 14 34 28 12 3 1  
HADS-D
 Baseline 5.5 (3.2) 4.0 (3.9) 3.8 (2.9) 4.7 (2.9) 4.6 (3.3) 7.5 (2.1)  
 Fifth year 4.9 (3.5) 3.9 (3.8) 3.4 (3.0) 3.5 (2.5) 3.7 (1.8) 4.5 (3.5)  
HADS-A
 Baseline 5.8 (2.6) 4.2 (3.1) 4.0 (2.3) 4.8 (3.1) 4.7 (2.8) 4.0 (1.4)  
 Fifth year 5.2 (3.4) 3.5 (2.9) 3.0 (2.4) 4.6 (3.2) 2.7 (2.8) 6.5 (2.1)  
Duration of MVPA Group 1 (n = 106) Group 2 (n = 57) Group 3 (n = 3) Group 4 (n = 23) Group 5 (n = 2)   
Age 70.6 (4.4) 68.6 (3.7) 70.7 (5.5) 67.6 (3.1) 68.0 (1.4)   Group 1 > Group 2 (p = 0.02), Group 1 > Group 4 (p = 0.01)
Number of men 44 31 2 14 1   
HADS-D
 Baseline 4.5 (3.6) 4.1 (3.4) 2.3 (0.6) 3.9 (2.7) 7.5 (2.1)   
 Fifth year 4.4 (3.8) 3.0 (2.8) 3.2 (1.0) 3.6 (2.8) 4.5 (3.5)   Group 1 > Group 2 (p = 0.02)
HADS-A
 Baseline 4.8 (3.0) 4.1 (3.0) 3.3 (1.5) 4.2 (2.5) 4.0 (1.4)   
 Fifth year 4.1 (3.2) 3.3 (2.5) 2.7 (2.1) 3.5 (3.1) 6.5 (2.1)   
  1. Age, HADS-D and HADS-A are expressed by mean (SD)
  2. *p < 0.01 among the six groups using ANOVA
  3. p < 0.01 among the five groups using ANOVA
  4. p = 0.04 among the five groups using ANCOVA controlling for baseline HADS-D scores, but not significant controlling for age and baseline HADS-D scores
  5. HADS Hospital anxiety and depression scale, HADS-A Anxiety scores of hospital anxiety and depression scale, HADS-D Depression scores of hospital anxiety and depression scale