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Table 1 Group differences in psychosocial and cognitive variables between elderly men with lower scores on the subjective well-being scale (SWB) and those with higher SWB scores

From: Subjective well-being and problem-solving skills for alleviating the stress of elderly men attending a randomized controlled trial of shogi-assisted cognitive behavioral therapy

  Group comparison, t-test
Means (standard deviations) Total sample (n = 61) Low SWB group (n = 30) High SWB group (n = 31) P valuea
Age, years 72.2 (6.0) 72.9 (5.4) 71.5 (6.6) 0.364
Mental health status, K6 (score range: 0–20) 5.03 (3.75) 6.40 (4.04) 3.71 (2.96) 0.004
Social network scale (score range: 0–15) 7.52 (3.56) 7.83 (3.30) 7.23 (3.87) 0.513
Cognitive behavioral pattern (score range: 1–5)
 Distraction activity when depressed 3.28 (1.27) 3.33 (1.22) 3.23 (1.33) 0.743
 Behavior inhibition when depressed 2.48 (1.06) 2.63 (1.19) 2.32 (0.91) 0.255
 Problem solving skill against stress 3.23 (1.04) 3.13 (0.90) 3.32 (1.17) 0.482
 Self-reinforcement 2.74 (0.96) 2.70 (0.84) 2.77 (1.09) 0.767
 Negative automatic thought 3.03 (1.22) 3.17 (1.29) 2.90 (1.16) 0.405
  1. aP value was based on t-test, two-tailed