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Table 5 Comparison of perceived stress, hidden anxiety, obvious anxiety before and after intervention in the intervention and control groups

From: Investigating the effect of group counseling on family stress and anxiety of primiparous mothers during delivery

Variable / group Intervention group Control group Statistical test
Mean ± standard deviation Mean ± standard deviation
Perceived stress Before 24.72 ± 5.31 25.98 ± 5.75 Z = 1.199
P = 0.233
After 22.14 ± 4.97 26.81 ± 3.49 t = 6.19
P < 0.001
Statistical test t = 3.68
P < 0.001
Z = 1.57
P = 0.116
 
Hidden anxiety, Before 17.48 ± 3.99 17.66 ± 14.40 t = 0.134
P = 0.893
After 15.12 ± 9.50 17.86 ± 4.12 t = 3.058
P = 0.003
Statistical test t = 3.25
P = 0.002
t = 0.643
0.522
 
Obvious anxiety Before 15.11 ± 6.03 16.97 ± 5.25 t = 1.53
P = 0.126
After 12.61 ± 5.70 17.25 ± 4.47 Z = 4.849
P < 0.001
Statistical test Z = 3.65
P = 0.001
t = 1.044
P = 0.30
 
Total anxiety Before 33.14 ± 7.53 34.51 ± 8.63 t = 0.970
P = 0.334
After 27.74 ± 9.16 35.02 ± 7.41 t = 6.35
P < 0.001
Statistical test t = 4.25
P < 0.001
t = 1.35
0.181