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Table 3 Psychosocial Variables for Family Caregivers

From: Factors associated with anxiety in family caregivers of children with chronic diseases

Variable/Scale M [95% CI] SD Range r
Anxiety 14.48 [13.29, 15.67] 12.74 0–63  
Personal agency and empowerment 101.26 [100.25, 102.27] 10.80 74–142 0.304***
Family support 59.47 [58.53, 60.41] 10.10 17–68 −0.263***
Social support 158.66 [156.96, 160.36] 18.26 82–213 −0.196***
Self-esteem 41.30 [40.86, 41.74] 4.76 19–59 −0.129**
Quality of life 83.63 [82.60, 84.66] 11.05 58–117 −0.313***
Family caregiver burden 22.89 [21.77, 24.01] 12.08 0–88 0.487***
Depression 13.87 [12.96, 14.78] 9.83 0–55 0.526***
Negative coping style (total score) 23.61 [22.77, 24.45] 9.04 0–60 0.268***
Insecure attachment (total score) 59.27 [58.29, 60.25] 10.49 25–96 0.241***
Parental stress 32.52 [31.76, 33.28] 8.18 17–73 0.244***
Self-efficacy beliefs and optimism 20.75 [20.45, 21.05] 3.23 9–36 0.086ns
Familism 53.80 [52.17, 55.43] 17.54 18–90 0.102*
Emotional well-being index 18.19 [17.71, 18.67] 5.16 3–30 −0.431***
Locus of control (Internal) 76.22 [74.96, 77.48] 13.49 34–114 0.104*
HSCPs 49.39 [48.82, 49.96] 6.14 33–66 0.125**
Resilience 133.32 [131.76, 134.88] 16.74 49–172 −0.261***
  1. Note: N = 446; M = arithmetic mean; CI = confidence interval; SD = standard deviation; r = correlations with anxiety (BAI) calculated using Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient; a two-tailed significance test was used to test H0: r = 0; *** p <  0.001. ** p <  0.01. * p <  0.05. ns p > 0.05