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Table 1 Comparison of severe traumatic brain injury patients with and without behavioral disorders

From: Association between uncooperativeness and the glucose metabolism of patients with chronic behavioral disorders after severe traumatic brain injury: a cross-sectional retrospective study

Demographic and clinical data sTBI with behavioral disorder (n  =  15) sTBI without behavioral disorder (n  =  11) P
Age (year), mean (SD) 46.7 (12.3) 49.5 (21.9) 0.67
Male, n (%) 12 (80) 8 (72.7) 1
The sum of CRS-R at admission, mean (SD) 20.3 (3.0) 18.8 (2.7) 0.21
Auditory function score, mean (SD) 3.4 (0.1) 3.3 (0.9) 0.61
Visual function score, mean (SD) 4.5 (1.3) 4.3 (1.5) 0.72
Motor function score, mean (SD) 5.6 (0.6) 5.3 (0.9) 0.29
Oromotor/verbal function score, mean (SD) 2.3 (0.8) 1.8 (0.9) 0.14
Communication score, mean (SD) 1.4 (0.6) 1.2 (0.6) 0.38
Arousal score, mean (SD) 3.0 (0) 3.0 (0) ND
Symptoms of behavioural disorder
Somatic concern, n (%) 3 (20) 0 (0) 0.24
Anxiety, n (%) 2 (13.3) 0 (0) 0.49
Emotional withdrawal, n (%) 2 (13.3) 0 (0) 0.49
Conceptual disorganization, n (%) 1 (6.7) 0 (0) 1.00
Feelings of guilt, n (%) 0 (0) 1 (9.1) 0.42
Tension, n (%) 0 (0) 0 (0) ND
Mannerisms and posturing, n (%) 5 (33.3) 0 (0) 0.05
Grandiosity, n (%) 0 (0) 0 (0) ND
Depressive mood, n (%) 4 (26.7) 0 (0) 0.11
Hostility, n (%) 5 (33.3) 0 (0) 0.05
Suspiciousness, n (%) 1 (6.7) 0 (0) 1.00
Hallucinatory behaviour, n (%) 3 (20) 0 (0) 0.24
Motor retardation, n (%) 3 (20) 0 (0) 0.24
Uncooperativeness, n (%) 10 (66.7) 1 (9.1) 0.005*
Unusual thought content, n (%) 2 (13.3) 0 (0) 0.49
Blunted affect, n (%) 4 (26.7) 0 (0) 0.11
Excitement, n (%) 13 (86.7) 1 (9.1) 0.002*
Disorientation, n (%) 5 (33.3) 0 (0) 0.05
  1. *P < 0.05; CRS-R, Coma Recovery Scale-Revised; ND, not detected; SD, standard deviation; sTBI, severe traumatic brain injury.