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Table 2 Physiological parameters

From: Possible benefits of singing to the mental and physical condition of the elderly

Items Group Before singing After singing
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) Total 126.0 ± 23.8 130.0 ± 23.8
Like singing 129.4 ± 25.2 132.1 ± 24.2
Diskike singing 116.8 ± 17.3 124.2 ± 22.9
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) Total 73.4 ± 15.2 75.3 ± 15.2
  Like singing 74.7 ± 15.2 76.3 ± 14.8
  Diskike singing 69.9 ± 15.3 72.8 ± 16.6
Pulse rate (bpm) Total 77.3 ± 9.8 74.6 ± 8.5
Like singing 75.2 ± 9.4 72.9 ± 7.6
  Diskike singing 83.0 ± 8.7 79.0 ± 9.5
  1. Values represent the mean ± SD.