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Table 2 Characteristics and psychological test (STAI-I, II, ZSDS) scores of patients with psychiatric disorders

From: Childhood physical abuse in outpatients with psychosomatic symptoms

Psychiatric disorder (DSM-IV) Abused Non-abused p-Value
depressive disorders (n = 323) n = 41 n = 282  
Age (years) 36 (29,42.5) 41.5 (30,56) 0.0428 (a)
female [N (%)] 29 (70.7) 176 (62.4) 0.3858 (b)
Duration of disease (months) 12 (3,27.5) 8 (3,24) 0.5501 (a)
STAI-I* 61.5 ± 8.6 57.2 ± 10.2 0.0107 (c)
STAI-II* 62.3 ± 9.3 57.5 ± 11.8 0.0042 (c)
ZSDS* 55.7 ± 7.8 53.3 ± 8.8 0.0991 (c)
self-injury [N (%)] 25 (61) 71 (25.2) p < 0.0001 (b)
anxiety disorders (n = 60) n = 10 n = 50  
N(%)    0.0020 (d)
panic disorder 2 (20) 31 (62)  
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 6 (60) 6 (12)  
social phobia 2 (20) 13 (26)  
Age (years) 26 (18.5,29.5) 32 (24,37) 0.1078 (a)
female [N (%)] 9 (90) 29 (58) 0.0762 (b)
Duration of disease (months) 15 (1,102) 7 (1,36) 0.4793 (a)
STAI-I* 65.7 ± 6.4 51.6 ± 11.0 p < 0.0001 (c)
STAI-II* 64.8 ± 9.4 52.1 ± 13.3 0.0057 (c)
ZSDS* 54.2 ± 12.7 47.3 ± 10.5 0.0720 (c)
self-injury [N (%)] 8 (80) 7 (14) 0.0001 (b)
eating disorders (n = 98) n = 16 n = 82  
N (%)    0.2299 (d)
anorexia nervosa 3 (18.8) 34 (41.5)  
bulimia nervosa 9 (56.3) 33 (40.2)  
other eating disorders 4 (25) 15 (18.3)  
Age (years) 23 (18.25,29.75) 22 (17,27.5) 0.6032 (a)
female [N (%)] 16 (100) 79 (96.3) 1.0000 (b)
Duration of disease (months) 30 (10.5,71.5) 25 (7,72) 0.6969 (a)
STAI-I* 56.3 ± 11.3 54.9 ± 9.7 0.6085 (c)
STAI-II* 58.8 ± 13.9 58.6 ± 11.4 0.9508 (c)
ZSDS* 54.6 ± 10.1 54.3 ± 8.9 0.9042 (c)
self-injury [N (%)] 11 (68.8) 42 (51.2) 0.2746 (b)
pain disorder (n = 37) n = 4 n = 33  
Age (years) 39.5 (35.25,49.75) 47 (30,57.5) 0.5405 (a)
female [N (%)] 1 (25) 22 (66.7) 0.1419 (b)
Duration of disease (months) 28.5 (7.5,54.75) 14 (7.5,57.5) 0.8256 (a)
STAI-I* 56.0 ± 9.9 52.4 ± 9.1 0.4634 (c)
STAI-II* 57.0 ± 13.3 51.2 ± 12.9 0.4028 (c)
ZSDS* 48.5 ± 10.3 46.6 ± 10.3 0.7297 (c)
self-injury [N (%)] 4 (100) 4 (12.2) 0.0011 (b)
  1. * The results are expressed as mean ± SD.
  2. †The results are expressed as medians (25%,75%).
  3. p-Values estimated by Mann-Whitney U test (a), Fisher's exact test (b), unpaired t-test (two tailed) (c) or chi-square test with Yates's correction (d)