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Table 1 Effects of yoga on the STSS and TAS-20 scores

From: Effects of practicing yoga on alexisomia: an open-label trial

Group Total H PH CD
   Values UPV FPV ES Values UPV FPV ES Values UPV FPV ES Values UPV FPV ES
Number
Sex, m / f
  305
30 / 275
0.064   0.13 64
11 / 53
    111
7 / 104
    130
12 / 118
   
Age, years   53.7 ± 15.0  < 0.001   0.10 53.6 ± 14.4     48.0 ± 14.6     58.6 ± 14.1    
STSS, Total Pre 59.2 ± 11.2  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.26 57.2 ± 10.9 0.032 0.043 0.12 59.4 ± 10.8  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.24 60.1 ± 11.6 0.001 0.003 0.19
  Post 56.2 ± 11.1     54.8 ± 10.2     55.9 ± 11.2     57.2 ± 11.3    
DIB Pre 22.9 ± 5.9 0.001 0.002 0.13 22.0 ± 6.2 0.027 0.042 0.28 22.4 ± 5.9 0.033 0.043 0.20 23.7 ± 5.7 0.095 0.117 0.15
  Post 21.9 ± 5.9     20.7 ± 5.7     21.5 ± 6.1     23.0 ± 5.8    
OA Pre 17.4 ± 5.2 0.003 0.006 0.17 17.1 ± 4.6 0.661 0.661 0.03 17.7 ± 4.8 0.001 0.003 0.18 17.2 ± 5.8 0.214 0.228 0.07
  Post 16.7 ± 5.6     16.8 ± 4.6     16.3 ± 5.1     17.0 ± 6.1    
LHM Pre 18.9 ± 4.5  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.27 18.0 ± 4.1 0.159 0.181 0.08 19.3 ± 4.5  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.21 19.1 ± 4.8  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.22
  Post 17.8 ± 4.8     17.9 ± 6.9     18.1 ± 4.3     17.4 ± 3.9    
TAS-20, Total Pre 50.5 ± 9.5 0.596 0.810 0.03 49.3 ± 8.1 0.700 0.810 0.02 50.2 ± 10.0 0.708 0.810 0.02 51.4 ± 9.7 0.382 0.744 0.05
  Post 49.9 ± 8.2     48.8 ± 7.9     50.1 ± 8.2     50.4 ± 8.2    
DIF Pre 16.5 ± 5.2 0.026 0.422 0.05 15.2 ± 4.0 0.421 0.744 0.05 16.7 ± 5.0 0.325 0.743 0.06 17.0 ± 5.7 0.057 0.427 0.11
  Post 15.9 ± 4.8     14.8 ± 4.1     16.4 ± 5.2     16.1 ± 4.7    
DDF Pre 14.4 ± 3.4 0.230 0.612 0.04 13.9 ± 3.0 0.848 0.848 0.01 14.4 ± 3.0 0.465 0.744 0.04 14.7 ± 3.8 0.217 0.612 0.07
  Post 14.1 ± 3.2     14.0 ± 3.2     14.0 ± 3.3     14.3 ± 3.2    
EOT Pre 19.6 ± 4.0 0.215 0.612 0.06 20.2 ± 3.7 0.828 0.848 0.01 19.6 ± 4.7 0.080 0.427 0.10 19.7 ± 3.5 0.678 0.810 0.02
  Post 19.8 ± 3.7     20.0 ± 3.4     19.6 ± 4.2     19.9 ± 3.4    
  1. CD Chronic disease, DDF Difficulty in describing feelings, DIB Difficulty in identifying bodily feelings, DIF Difficulty in identifying feelings, EOT Externally-oriented thinking, ES Effect size between Pre and Post (Wilcoxon r/ Cramer’s V/ Eta squared η.2), f Female, FPV False discovery rate–adjusted p values for multiple comparisons (Pre vs Post, Wilcoxon signed rank test), H Healthy, LHM Lack of health management based on bodily feelings, m Male, OA Overadaptation, PH Poor health, Post After practicing yoga for 3 months, Pre Before starting to practice yoga, STSS The Shitsu-taikan-sho Scale, TAS-20 The 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale, UPV Unadjusted p values