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Table 3 Means, Standard Error, and Holm /Post-hoc tests ANCOVA Results

From: The patterns of acceptance, mindfulness, and values for Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a web-based survey

  Mean values (Standard Error) ANCOVA Holm /Post-hoc tests ANCOVA
  Cluster 1
Average (N = 66)
Cluster 2
Flexibility (N = 59)
Cluster 3
Values/low (N = 38)
Cluster 4
Values/high (N = 48)
p value Pairwise comparisons Cohen’d
Diet 21.20 (0.71) 26.14 (0.78) 19.32 (1.01) 24.18 (0.87) 0.55
Exercise 7.39 (0.48) 8.37 (0.51) 5.84 (0.68) 8.30 (0.58) 0.23
PAID 47.28 (1.61) 35.56 (1.73) 46.56 (2.28) 44.32 (1.95) 0.09 Flexibility < Average 0.90
Flexibility < Values/low 0.85
Flexibility < Values/high 0.68
CES-D 17.73 (0.92) 8.86 (0.98) 22.82 (1.22) 13.29 (1.08) 0.01 Average < Values /low 0.67
Flexibility < Average 1.18
Flexibility < Values/low 1.85
Flexibility < Values/high 0.59
Values/high < Average 0.59
Values/high < Values/low 1.26
HbA1c 6.84 (0.10) 6.50 (0.10) 6.64 (0.14) 7.10 (0.12) 0.05 Flexibility < Values/high 0.77
  1. Note. Diet = The Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activity Measure subscale of diet, Exercise = The Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activity Measure subscale of exercise, PAID = The Problem Areas in Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction, CES-D = The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression