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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics (N = 458)

From: Subjective cognitive impairment and presenteeism mediate the associations of rumination with subjective well-being and ill-being in Japanese adult workers from the community

Demographic characteristics Mean (SD) N (%)
Age (years) 40.8 (11.9)  
Sex (Male/Female)   202/256 (44.1/55.9)
Married   293 (64.0)
Number of cohabitants 2.9 (1.6)  
Education (years) 14.8 (1.8)  
Currently employed   458 (100)
Psychiatric history   47 (10.3)
Current psychiatric treatment   19 (4.2)
Drinking habit   301 (65.7)
Smoking habit   91 (19.9)
Clinical assessments Mean (SD) N (%)
RRS total score 35.5 (11.2)  
COBRA total score 8.5 (6.6)  
COBRA total score ≥ 15   84 (18.3)
WLQ work productivity loss score 0.04 (0.04)  
SUBI well-being score 38.4 (7.0)  
SUBI ill-being score 51.2 (6.3)  
  1. Abbreviations: RRS Ruminative Responses Scale, COBRA Cognitive Complaints in Bipolar Disorder Rating Assessment, WLQ Work Limitations Questionnaire, SUBI Subjective Well-being Inventory, SD Standard deviation.