Skip to main content

Table 5 Adverse events experienced by participants during yoga practice

From: Health-related benefits and adverse events associated with yoga classes among participants that are healthy, in poor health, or with chronic diseases

  Group H PH CD
Systems Symptoms First Last First Last First Last
Eyes and ears Blackout 0 0 0 3 2 1
Pruritus of the eye 2 0 1 1 1 2
Tinnitus 1 1 2 1 2 2
Respiratory Coughing 2 1 3 2 6 8
Congested nose 1 1 2 3 3 2
Runny nose 1 3 0 3 6 2
Sputum production 2 0 2 2 0 3
Cardiovascular Chest pain 0 0 0 0 1 0
Palpitation 2 0 1 3 3 1
Breathlessness 0 0 0 1 3 1
Gastrointestinal Nausea 1 2 0 0 2 0
Epigastric and abdominal pain 0 0 2 1 2 3
Diarrhea 0 0 0 0 1 0
Musculoskeletal Joint pain 2 1 7 3 8 11
Muscular pain 3 0 5 8 9 17
Skin Flushing of the face 3 1 2 0 3 3
Excessive perspiration 0 0 2 1 3 1
Pruritus of the skin 0 0 0 0 2 2
Neurological Headache 1 2 5 2 2 4
Heaviness of the head 0 2 1 3 2 0
Feeling hot and cold 0 0 4 2 10 2
Faintness (daze) 4 3 7 4 9 8
Numbness of a certain body part 0 0 5 2 2 1
Twitching in a certain body part 1 2 6 2 5 4
Dizziness 2 4 6 5 14 5
Fatigue Feeling of exhaustion 1 1 3 2 5 3
Feeling sick 0 1 0 1 1 0
Psychological Tension 0 0 0 0 4 3
Confusion 0 0 1 0 2 2
Urge to cry 0 0 0 0 1 0
Anxiety 0 0 2 1 2 0
Irritation 0 0 0 0 1 0
Shaking of the body 0 1 0 0 1 0
Recollection of bad experiences 0 0 1 1 4 2
The number experiencing a symptom (%) 20 (28.6) 16 (22.9) 39 (33.3) 31 (26.5) 58 (41.1) 51 (36.2)
The number of valid responses 70 117 141
  1. H healthy participants (n=70), PH participants in poor health (n=117), CD participants with chronic diseases (n=141). Data from participants that had missing values were excluded from analysis. First the first yoga class, Last the last yoga class. Symptoms reported by more than 5.0% of participants in each group are shown in bold (First vs Last, paired t-test)