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Table 3 Effects of yoga on health-related quality of life as assessed by the SF-8TM

From: Health-related benefits and adverse events associated with yoga classes among participants that are healthy, in poor health, or with chronic diseases

Group H PH CD
Subscale First Last UPV FPV d First Last UPV FPV d First Last UPV FPV d
PF 50.6±5.2 50.2±4.4 0.541 0.601 0.08 46.2±8.4 48.9±6.0 0.004 0.007 0.38 43.3±8.8 45.8±8.5 0.005 0.009 0.29
RP 49.7±6.0 49.6±5.3 0.883 0.883 0.02 44.7±8.2 46.8±6.6 0.017 0.026 0.29 43.3±8.4 46.0±8.1 0.001 0.003 0.32
BP 51.2±7.5 51.7±6.9 0.604 0.647 0.08 43.6±7.8 47.5±7.2 <0.001 <0.001 0.51 43.9±8.3 46.6±8.8 <0.001 0.002 0.32
GH 50.3±4.9 52.0±6.0 0.027 0.037 0.32 44.4±8.0 47.8±6.9 <0.001 0.002 0.45 43.3±7.6 47.4±7.4 <0.001 <0.001 0.53
PCS 50.1±5.6 49.8±5.4 0.675 0.699 0.05 44.3±7.8 47.0±6.5 0.003 0.006 0.38 42.1±7.8 44.9±8.1 <0.001 0.002 0.34
VT 49.4±6.0 50.6±5.5 0.095 0.114 0.21 45.4±6.5 48.7±6.0 <0.001 <0.001 0.54 45.1±6.1 47.4±6.5 0.001 0.002 0.36
SF 49.1±8.2 51.0±6.9 0.081 0.101 0.25 44.4±8.7 46.9±7.9 0.002 0.004 0.31 44.5±9.6 46.5±8.6 0.045 0.058 0.22
RE 48.6±5.6 49.7±5.4 0.198 0.228 0.19 45.0±7.0 47.4±6.2 0.001 0.002 0.35 45.2±8.0 47.4±6.9 0.003 0.006 0.30
MH 48.3±6.1 50.4±5.7 0.021 0.029 0.34 43.3±8.4 47.1±7.8 <0.001 <0.001 0.47 44.3±8.6 47.4±7.8 <0.001 <0.001 0.39
MCS 47.2±6.8 49.5±6.3 0.011 0.018 0.35 43.9±8.8 46.7±7.8 <0.001 0.002 0.34 45.2±9.0 47.4±7.8 0.004 0.008 0.27
  1. Values are the mean ± standard deviation. H: healthy participants (n=69); PH participants in poor health (n=117), CD participants with chronic diseases (n=139). Data from participants that had missing values were excluded from analysis. First the first yoga class, Last the last yoga class, PF physical function, RP role physical, BP bodily pain, GH general health perception, VT vitality, SF social functioning, RE role emotional, MH mental health, PCS physical component summary, MCS mental component summary, UPV Unadjusted P values, FPV FDR-adjusted P values for multiple comparisons (First vs Last, paired t-test), d effect size between Pre and Post (Cohen’s d)