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Table 2 Effects of yoga on vigor, fatigue, and tension-anxiety as assessed by the POMS

From: Health-related benefits and adverse events associated with yoga classes among participants that are healthy, in poor health, or with chronic diseases

Group H PH CD
Subscale Pre Post UPV FPV d Pre Post UPV FPV d Pre Post UPV FPV d
First
V 49.6±8.2 56.8±10.7 <0.001 <0.001 0.75 45.9±9.5 56.3±10.4 <0.001 <0.001 1.04 45.5±10.2 53.1±11.4 <0.001 <0.001 0.71
F 43.4±8.4 37.7±5.3 <0.001 <0.001 0.80 47.6±9.3 37.5±4.2 <0.001 <0.001 1.41 47.9±11.0 39.6±5.9 <0.001 <0.001 0.94
T-A 43.5±7.4 37.0±4.4 <0.001 <0.001 1.07 46.5±10.0 36.6±4.6 <0.001 <0.001 1.27 49.6±11.5 39.0±6.7 <0.001 <0.001 1.12
Last
V 49.9±7.7 58.0±9.1 <0.001 <0.001 0.96 48.1±11.4 57.9±10.7 <0.001 <0.001 0.89 47.9±9.4 57.0±10.4 <0.001 <0.001 0.92
F 44.2±9.1 37.4±3.7 <0.001 <0.001 0.97 46.1±9.6 37.3±3.9 <0.001 <0.001 1.21 45.9±10.5 38.4±5.3 <0.001 <0.001 0.91
T-A 43.2±8.4 36.2±4.0 <0.001 <0.001 1.06 43.8±8.4 37.0±4.8 <0.001 <0.001 0.99 45.7±11.1 37.3±5.7 <0.001 <0.001 0.95
  1. Values are the mean ± standard deviation. H healthy participants (n=62), PH participants in poor health (n=108), CD participants with chronic diseases (n=135). Data from participants that had missing values were excluded from analysis. Pre before practicing yoga, Post after practicing yoga, First the first class, Last the last class that was held after three months, V vigor, F fatigue, T-A tension-anxiety, UPV Unadjusted P values, FPV FDR-adjusted P values for multiple comparisons (Pre vs Post, paired t-test), d effect size between Pre and Post (Cohen’s d)