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Table 1 Family member characteristics and outcome measures

From: Factors influencing post-ICU psychological distress in family members of critically ill patients: a linear mixed-effects model

Family members characteristics n = 214 Missing values
Agea mean ± SD 53.95 ± 15.67 5
Female gendera n(%) 148 (69.2)
Civil status n(%)   1
 married, partnered 154 (72.3)  
 divorced, separated 12 (5.6)  
 single 35 (16.4)  
 widowed 12 (5.6)  
Own children, yes n(%) 150 (71.1) 3
Educationa n(%)   2
 Non-tertiary 109 (51.4)  
 Tertiary or university 103 (48.6)  
Employment n(%)   1
 employed 115 (54.0)  
 retired 65 (30.5)  
 unemployed 10 (4.7)  
 other 23 (10.8)  
Distance home-to-hospitala n(%)  
 Same canton / region 109 (50.9)  
 Outside canton / region 105 (49.1)  
Relation of family member to patienta n(%)  
 spouse / partner 97 (45.3)  
 child 57 (26.6)  
 parent 28 (13.1)  
 other family member 32 (15.0)  
Co-habiting with patient before admissiona n(%) 119 (55.6)
Time since ICU discharge > 4 weeksa n(%) 107 (50.0)
Satisfaction with ICU carea (FS-ICU-24b) mean ± SD 73.54 ± 16.26 5
Family members outcomes n = 214 Missing values
Psychological burden (HADS-totalc) mean ± SD 11.49 ± 8.12 5
Depression (HADS-depressionc) mean ± SD 4.69 ± 4.39 5
Anxiety (HADS-anxietyc) mean ± SD 6.81 ± 4.42 3
Posttraumatic stress (IES-R-6d) mean ± SD 11.90 ± 4.90 2
  1. aincluded in the model as an explanatory variable
  2. bFS-ICU-24 score ranges from 0 to 100 (maximal satisfaction)
  3. cHADS-total score ranges from 0 to 42 (high psychological burden), HADS-depression and HADS anxiety from 0 to 21 (high depressive symptoms / anxiety)
  4. dIES-R-6 score from 0 to 24 (posttraumatic stress)