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Table 1 Clinical and demographic characteristics

From: The psychosocial barriers to medication adherence of patients with type 2 diabetes: a qualitative study

Variable Diabetes Patients Health Professionals Total
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Sex
 Male 10 (43.47) 8 (0.8) 18 (54.54)
 Female 13 (56.52) 2 (0.2) 15 (45.45)
Age Group
 20–40 4 (17.39) 9 (0.9) 13 (39.39)
 41–60 11 (47.82) 1 (0.1) 12 (36.36)
 60 and older 8 (34.78) 0 (0) 8 (24.24)
Marital Status
 Married 23 (100) 6 (0.6) 29 (87.87)
 Single 0 (0) 4 (0.4) 4 (12.12)
HbA1c level
 < 7.0% 5 (21.73)   
  ≥ 7% 18 (78.26)   
Education
 Illiterate 16 (69.56) 0 (0) 16 (48.48)
 Junior High School 3 (13.04) 0 (0) 3 (9.09)
 High School Diploma 3 (13.04) 0 (0) 3 (9.09)
 Associate Degree 1 (4.34) 3 (0.3) 4 (12.12)
 Bachelor’s Degree 0 (0) 4 (0.4) 4 (12.12)
 Master’s Degree 0 (0) 1 (0.1) 1 (3.03)
 PhD 0 (0) 2 (0.2) 2 (6.06)
Residence
 Urban 15 (65.21) 5 (50) 20 (60.60)
 Rural 8 (34.78) 5 (50) 13 (39.39)
T2DM History In 1st-Degree Relatives
 Yes 18 (78.26)   
 No 5 (21.73)   
Occupational Status
 Employed 4 (17.39)   
 Retired 4 (17.39)   
 Housewife 10 (43.47)   
 Unemployed 5 (21.73)   
Time Since Diagnosis
 < One Year 2 (8.69)   
 1 to 5 Years 5 (21.73)   
 > 5 Years 16 (69.56)   
Household Income
 Inadequate to Cover Living Expenses 16 (69.56)   
 Sufficient to Cover Living Expenses 7 (30.43)   
Complications Of Diabetesa
 Yes 8 (34.78)   
 No 15 (65.21)   
Physical Activity
 Regular 5 (21.73)   
 Irregular 8 (34.78)   
 No Physical Activity 10 (43.47)   
Drug Use And Smoking
 Yes 4 (17.39)   
 No 19 (82.60)   
Visit By Doctor
 Regular 14 (60.86)   
 Irregular 9 (39.13)   
Medications
 Metformin Only 8 (34.78)   
 Metformin & Glibenclamide 8 (34.78)   
 Metformin & Insulin 7 (30.43)   
  1. a Having at least one microvascular (nephropathy, neuropathy and retinopathy) or cardiovascular (cardiovascular disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease and cerebrovascular disease) complication, hypertension & hyperlipidemia