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Table 4 Mean sub-scales scores of KDQOL

From: Educational supportive group therapy and the quality of life of hemodialysis patients

   Mean ± SD P**Value
Group Pre Post Follow up
Symptom/Problem list(S/PL) Control 40.08 ± 7.84 40.67 ± 10.48 41.33 ± 11.14 0.819
Experimental 39.85 ± 7.57 46.83 ± 14.31 47.62 ± 14.86 0.031
P*value 0.798 0.118 0.122  
Effects of kidney disease (EKD) Control 29.27 ± 9.62 29.27 ± 9.27 28.85 ± 9.67 0.549
Experimental 31.3 ± 6.41 40.41 ± 12.38 41.77 ± 11. 6 0.0001
P*value 0.34 0.0001 0.0001  
Burden of kidney disease (BKD) Control 32.71 ± 14.92 34.58 ± 14.93 33.96 ± 16.06 0.247
Experimental 35.83 ± 10.12 41.95 ± 10.41 43.23 ± 10.59 0.012
P*value 0.405 0.124 0.708  
Work Status (WS) Control 18.33 ± 21.71 22.5 ± 22.12 22.5 ± 23.07 0.016
Experimental 18.33 ± 15.99 25 ± 18.57 25 ± 17.37 0.066
P*value 0.749 0.605 0.588  
Cognitive function (CF) Control 45.55 ± 16.16 49.55 ± 16.32 47.8 ± 15.16 0.006
Experimental 46.03 ± 10.72 56.45 ± 8.01 56.13 ± 8.28 0.0001
P*value 0.952 0.137 0.026  
Quality of social interaction (QSI) Control 60.44 ± 18.69 59.77 ± 19.85 57.33 ± 19.62 0.368
Experimental 60.54 ± 17.75 63.43 ± 15.62 61.04 ± 17.76 0.64
P*value 0.782 0.81 0.77  
Sexual function (SexF) Control 41 ± 11.25 40.83 ± 10.99 40.83 ± 10.99 0.368
Experimental 40.42 ± 6.2 44.08 ± 7.58 44.5 ± 6.1 0.0001
P*value 0.643 0.066 0.046  
Sleep (S) Control 49.17 ± 14.15 50 ± 13.34 47.83 ± 15.63 0.016
Experimental 47.13 ± 12.43 53.67 ± 12.65 59.13 ± 12.56 0.0001
P*value 0.051 0.056 0.004  
Social support (SS) Control 30.72 ± 12.8 31 ± 11.4 31.72 ± 12.27 0.488
Experimental 31.19 ± 6.42 36.88 ± 6.29 39.91 ± 7.6 0.0001
P*value 0.546 0.005 0.003  
Dialysis staff encouragement (DSE) Control 37.96 ± 8.93 40.31 ± 9.5 41.14 ± 9.09 0.018
Experimental 40.37 ± 11.07 45.93 ± 8.13 48.56 ± 6.94 0.0001
P*value 0.881 0.003 0.0001  
Patient satisfaction (PS) Control 39 ± 22.07 41 ± 13.48 39.17 ± 10.35 0.379
Experimental 41.21 ± 17.08 54.87 ± 17.08 56.09 ± 18.82 0.0001
P*value 0.453 0.002 0.0001  
Physical functioning (PF) Control 38.17 ± 10.46 37.67 ± 11.65 36.5 ± 10.18 0.247
Experimental 39.5 ± 11.09 41.67 ± 10.69 43.81 ± 9.71 0.003
P*value 0.317 0.029 0.003  
Role-Physical limitation (RPL) Control 21.67 ± 25.2 23.33 ± 25.37 21.67 ± 25.2 0.368
Experiment 20.83 ± 13.27 29.17 ± 11.53 31.67 ± 18.49 0.014
P*value 0.543 0.085 0.04  
Pain (P) Control 31.66 ± 10.24 30.42 ± 10.21 31.75 ± 10.57 0.867
Experimental 31.75 ± 9.76 36.33 ± 9.3 35.75 ± 9.19 0.006
P*value 0.782 0.033 0.154  
General health (GH) Control 39 ± 12.06 37.67 ± 12.44 37.5 ± 12.3 0.368
Experimental 42.61 ± 7.12 46.19 ± 4.27 51.69 ± 5.12 0.0001
P*value 0.635 0.041 0.0001  
Emotional well-being (EW) Control 40.4 ± 19.05 42.17 ± 19.76 43.8 ± 21.05 0.004
Experimental 38.87 ± 5.82 47.33 ± 3.94 49.15 ± 6.33 0.0001
P*value 0.995 0.282 0.35  
Role-emotional limitation (REL) Control 21.10 ± 18.53 22.22 ± 23.7 21.22 ± 22.19 0.931
Experimental 22.22 ± 15.98 23.33 ± 17.83 25.55 ± 14.34 0.81
P*value 0.724 0.643 0.306  
Social function (SocF) Control 38.6 ± 4.63 39.66 ± 4.35 42.81 ± 6.08 0.007
Experimental 37.55 ± 5.21 43.38 ± 9.51 47.54 ± 8.67 0.0001
P*value 0.089 0.003 0.006  
Energy/fatigue (E/F) Control 36.53 ± 9.1 39.87 ± 7.94 37.87 ± 9.47 0.521
Experimental 38.4 ± 8.81 45.73 ± 9.88 44.83 ± 10.10 0.0001
P*value 0.509 0.0001 0.007  
  1. * U-Mann-Whitney test **Friedman test