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Table 1 Characteristics, PBI, TCI, and correlation with well-being scores of the SUBI or effects on well-being scores of the SUBI in 402 subjects from the general adult population

From: Personality traits mediate the association between perceived parental bonding and well-being in adult volunteers from the community

Characteristic or measure Value (number or mean ± SD) Correlation with well-being scores (r) or effect on well-being scores (mean score, t-test)
Age 42.1 ± 11.8 r = − 0.155**
Gender (male:female) 220:182 Male = 39.4 ± 6.6; Female = 38.8 ± 6.2, n.s. (t-test)
Education years 15.2 ± 2.0 r = 0.162**
Marital status (married:unmarried) 286:113 Married = 39.3 ± 6.3; Unmarried = 38.4 ± 6.4, n.s. (t-test)
Employment status (employed:non-employed) 339:56 Employed = 39.0 ± 6.3; Non-employed = 39.6 ± 7.4, n.s. (t-test)
Number of cohabiters 1.8 ± 1.5 r = 0.08, n.s.
Number of offspring 1.3 ± 1.2 r = 0.05, n.s.
History of psychiatric illness (yes:no) 18:384 Yes = 36.5 ± 7.8; No = 39.2 ± 6.3, n.s. (t-test)
First-degree relative with psychiatric illness (yes:no) 40:360 Yes = 37.7 ± 7.1; No = 39.3 ± 6.3, n.s. (t-test)
Well-being score on SUBI 39.1 ± 6.4  
PBI (subscale score)
 Paternal care 24.0 ± 7.2 r = 0.244**
 Maternal care 27.7 ± 6.7 r = 0.278**
 Paternal overprotection 9.4 ± 6.0 r = − 0.124*
 Maternal overprotection 10.2 ± 6.8 r = − 0.155**
TCI (subscale score)
 Novelty seeking 28.3 ± 6.2 r = 0.111*
 Harm avoidance 30.7 ± 8.1 r = − 0.514**
 Reward dependence 26.9 ± 5.0 r = 0.343**
 Persistence 7.5 ± 2.2 r = 0.259**
 Self-directedness 45.8 ± 9.3 r = 0.515**
 Cooperativeness 46.6 ± 7.4 r = 0.310**
 Self-transcendence 11.8 ± 5.9 r = 0.093, n.s.
  1. Data are presented as means ± SD or numbers
  2. r = Pearson correlation coefficient
  3. SUBI Subjective Well-being Inventory, PBI Parental Bonding Instrument, TCI Temperament and Character Inventory
  4. * P < 0.05
  5. ** P < 0.01
  6. n.s. not significant