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Table 3 Descriptive statistics of outcome measures (mean and standardized deviation)

From: Pilot study of a basic individualized cognitive behavioral therapy program for chronic pain in Japan

 Baseline (N = 15)Post-treatment (N = 12)Follow-up (N = 11)
Over all QOL measures
 EQ5D-5 L (primary outcome)0.660.150.750.180.750.15
Pain severity/Disability
 NRS summary score3.701.233.651.094.030.86
Pain-related psychological variables
Depressive symptom
 PHQ-9 total8.736.095.253.914.644.30
  1. QOL Quality of life, EQ5D-5 L EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire five level, SF-12-PCS Medical Outcomes Study 12-Item Short Form Health Survey-Physical Component Summary, MCS Mental Component Summary, RCS Role/Social Component Summary, NRS Numerical Rating Scale, PDAS Pain Disability Assessment Scale, PCS Pain Catastrophizing Scale, TSK-11 Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia eleven, PSEQ Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire-9