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Table 5 Effects of subjective perception of health and stress on MDQ subscores

From: A potential relation between premenstrual symptoms and subjective perception of health and stress among college students: a cross-sectional study

  Healthy Unhealthy ANOVA
Non-stressful
(n = 122)
Stressful
(n = 38)
Non-stressful
(n = 21)
Stressful
(n = 19)
Pain 12.7 ± 4.9 13.6 ± 3.4 14.1 ± 4.8 17.4 ± 4.9 Health effect: F(1,196) = 9.10, p = 0.003**
Stress effect: F(1,196) = 5.97, p = 0.015*
Interaction: F(1,196) = 1.93, p = 0.166
Concentration 12.0 ± 5.5 14.8 ± 6.7 15.8 ± 7.5 18.5 ± 6.0 Health effect: F(1,196) = 11.32, p = 0.001**
Stress effect: F(1,196) = 6.17, p = 0.014*
Interaction: F(1,196) < 0.001, p = 0.990
Behavioral change 10.0 ± 5.1 10.7 ± 4.7 12.3 ± 6.8 14.3 ± 6.3 Health effect: F(1,196) = 9.30, p = 0.003**
Stress effect: F(1,196) = 1.80, p = 0.181
Interaction: F(1,196) = 0.46, p = 0.498
Autonomic reactions 5.2 ± 2.0 5.6 ± 2.7 7.3 ± 4.1 6.9 ± 3.1 Health effect: F(1,196) = 12.86, p = < 0.001**
Stress effect: F(1,196) = 0.003, p = 0.958
Interaction: F(1,196) = 0.61, p = 0.436
Water retention 10.3 ± 4.2 11.2 ± 4.0 12.4 ± 4.7 11.5 ± 3.9 Health effect: F(1,196) = 2.59, p = 0.109
Stress effect: F(1,196) = 0.003, p = 0.954
Interaction: F(1,196) = 1.52, p = 0.220
Negative affect 16.2 ± 8.0 20.8 ± 9.5 20.6 ± 9.6 24.5 ± 9.5 Health effect: F(1,196) = 6.53, p = 0.011*
Stress effect: F(1,196) = 7.26, p = 0.008**
Interaction: F(1,196) = 0.07, p = 0.791
Arousal 6.6 ± 3.1 7.3 ± 3.2 8.3 ± 4.0 8.6 ± 4.0 Health effect: F(1,196) = 5.95, p = 0.016*
Stress effect: F(1,196) = 0.70, p = 0.404
Interaction: F(1,196) = 0.12, p = 0.726
Control 7.0 ± 2.0 7.5 ± 2.2 8.9 ± 3.4 8.7 ± 3.5 Health effect: F(1,196) = 12.54, p = < 0.001**
Stress effect: F(1,196) = 0.15, p = 0.701
Interaction: F(1,196) = 0.43, p = 0.511
  1. Vales given as means ± standard deviation
  2. Statistical significance, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05