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Table 4 Correlations between changes in outcome and process variables from pre to post or FU

From: Changes in depression and anxiety through mindfulness group therapy in Japan: the role of mindfulness and self-compassion as possible mediators

  Pre-to post-intervention Pre-intervention to FU
  Depression Trait anxiety Depression Trait anxiety
Mindfulness FFMQ total −.44 + −.48 + −.37 −.60*
Observing FFMQ −.40 −.16 −.42 −.37
Nonreactivity FFMQ −.44 + −.60* −.25 −.35
Nonjudging FFMQ −.28 −.40 −.55* −.54*
Describing FFMQ −.29 −.59* −.12 −.44 +
Acting with awareness FFMQ −.42 −.40 −.40 −.36
Mindfulness MAAS −.28 −.47 + −.32 −.31
Mind wandering   .02   .34   .14   .12
Self-compassion total −.51* −.76** −.62* −.58*
Self-compassion positive factor −.70** −.51* −.56* −.50 +
Self-compassion negative factor   .38   .83**   .54*   .68**
BIS   .26   .61*   .47 +   .48 +
BAS   .11   .03   .03   .25
  1. Note: Process variables are the difference scores between pre- and post-intervention in the left two columns and pre-intervention to FU in the right two columns.
  2. Correlation coefficients are Spearman’s correlation coefficients
  3. ** p < .01, * p < .05, + p < .10