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Table 3 Means, SDs, and the results of repeated one-way ANOVAs, post hoc tests, and effect sizes

From: Changes in depression and anxiety through mindfulness group therapy in Japan: the role of mindfulness and self-compassion as possible mediators

  Mean (SD)       Pre - Post (post hoc test) Pre - FU (post hoc test)
Variables Pre Post FU partial η2 F(2, 30) P (main effect) g t (15) adj P g t (15) adj P
Depression 14.3 (8.3) 6.1 (4.8) 6.1 (4.5) .489 14.3 < .001*** 1.18   4.7 < .001*** 1.21   3.6    .005**
Trait-anxiety 53.4 (9.5) 48.1 (10.1) 44.6 (9.2) .459 12.7 < .001***   .53   2.5    .024*   .92   4.9 < .001***
Mindfulness FFMQ total 114.8 (20.7) 127.4 (20.0) 131.3 (20.4) .348 8.0    .011* −.61 −2.5    .023* −.79 −3.1    .023*
Observing FFMQ 24.3 (5.4) 28.4 (3.7) 28.1 (4.5) .408 10.3  .002** −.87 −3.4    .007** −.75 −3.5    .010*
Nonreactivity FFMQ 18.8 (4.6) 22.4 (3.7) 24.0 (4.6) .429 11.3    .002** −.85 −2.9    .023* −1.11 −3.9    .005**
Nonjudging FFMQ 24.2 (7.4) 26.8 (6.6) 29.2 (5.0) .262 5.3    .021* −.37 −1.4    .168 −.77 −2.9    .032*
Describing FFMQ 23.3 (4.5) 24.9 (5.9) 24.9 (7.3) .126 2.2    .149 −.31    −.27   
Acting with awareness FFMQ 24.3 (6.6) 24.8 (4.6) 25.1 (5.7) .014 0.2    .752 −.10    −.13   
Mindfulness MAAS 56.6 (9.5) 56.0 (10.9) 59.7 (8.4) .111 1.9    .185   .06    −.33   
Mind-wandering 17.9 (2.6) 17.4 (2.5) 16.6 (2.5) .110 1.9    .185   .19      .48   
Self compassion total 31.7 (10.6) 35.4 (10.2) 38.4 (8.5) .271 5.6    .014* −.35 −1.5    .151 −.69 −3.3    .015*
Self compassion positive factor 16.6 (5.6) 18.7 (4.7) 20.3 (5.1) .258 5.2    .014* −.39 −1.6    .122 −.67 −3.0    .029*
Self compassion negative factor 20.9 (5.2) 19.3 (6.0) 17.9 (4.9) .210 4.0    .036*   .28   1.3    .226   .59   2.9    .036*
BIS 22.5 (4.0) 21.2 (3.8) 20.6 (4.0) .150 2.6    .103   .33      .46   
BAS 36.3 (4.4) 37.6 (4.3) 36.5 (4.8) .063 1.0    .379 −.29    −.04   
  1. ***p < .001, **p < .01, *p < .05