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Table 1 Single items of the bio-functional status (BFS) and calculated bio-functional age (BFA)

From: Measuring chronic stress exposure incorporating the active and healthy ageing (AHA) concept within the cross-sectional Bern cohort study 2014 (BeCS-14)

Bio-functional status (BFS) item N Mean SD 5th–95th percentile Min - Max
Physical parameters
 Systolic blood pressure [mmHg] 612 118.9 13.8 99.0–144.0 82.0–169.0
 Diastolic blood pressure [mmHg] 612 74.4 10.6 58.7–93.0 47.0–107.0
 Resting heart rate (p0) [n/min] 607 68.3 10.4 52.4–86.0 42.0–107.0
 Pulse rate difference (Δp) 600 121.1 18.4 92.0–152.0 68.0–204.0
 Performance time [sec] 600 24.0 6.0 16.6–34.4 12.1–63.0
 Pulse performance index (PPI) [Δp/performance time] 600 2.3 0.1 1.0–4.1 0.1–8.3
 Vital capacity [l] 592 4.2 1.2 2.5–6.7 1.7–7.5
 Vital capacity, women [%] 441 106.8 18.9 73.5–136.6 43.0–158.7
 Vital capacity, men [%] 150 110.8 18.1 78.9–137.1 54.5–153.0
 Hand grip strength, left [KP] 598 33.2 18.0 9.0–70.0 1.0–70.0
 Hand grip strength, right [KP] 602 38.4 18.1 14.0–70.0 1.0–90.0
 Hand grip strength, both sides [KP] 600 71.5 35.1 22.0–140.0 2.0–140.0
 Body cell mass (%) 587 40.8 4.6 32.9–48.1 28.1–55.0
 Body cell mass – active cell mass [kg] 587 27.6 5.0 22.0–37.7 19.5–48.5
 Body cell mass – body water [kg] 587 35.1 6.4 28.0–47.9 24.8–61.8
 Body cell mass – lean body mass [kg] 587 47.9 8.7 38.2–65.4 33.8–84.5
 Fat mass (%) 587 29.3 8.0 16.4–42.9 4.8–51.4
 Fat mass [kg] 587 20.5 8.4 10.3–36.1 1.9–56.5
 BIA RC 50 (Ohm) 587 608.7 85.8 465.0–744.0 368.0–869.0
 BIA XC 50 (Ohm) 587 63.2 10.8 47.0–80.0 30.0–116.0
 Teeth status - decayed, missing or filled teeth (n) 616 9.9 8.1 0.0–28.0 0.0–32.0
 Body weight (kg) 617 68.3 13.1 51.0–94.0 36.0–120.0
 Body height (cm) 617 169.8 8.7 157.0–185.0 150.0–195.0
 Body mass index [kg/m2] 617 23.7 4.0 18.7–31.2 12.3–47.0
Sensory physiology and psychomotor parameters
 Vision left [%] 368 81.2 30.1 10.0–100.0 0.0–100.0
 Vision right [%] 367 81.0 29.2 12.0–100.0 0.0–100.0
 Hearing acuity -HV1024 left (Db) 551 16.0 8.7 5.0–30.4 0.0–100.0
 Hearing acuity -HV1024 left (%) 551 1.6 2.5 0.0–5.40 0.0–30.0
 Hearing acuity -HV1024 right (Db) 551 17.5 8.6 7.0–30.0 0.0–77.0
 Hearing acuity -HV1024 right (%) 551 2.0 2.8 0.0–5.4 0.0–27.2
 Hearing acuity -HV2048 left (Db) 548 17.0 9.9 5.0–36.0 0.0–100.0
 Hearing loss left 2048 Hz [%] 548 2.8 4.0 0.2–9.8 0.0–40.0
 Hearing acuity -HV2048 right (Db) 549 18.3 10.1 6.0–37.5 0.0–88.0
 Hearing loss right 2048 Hz [%] 549 3.2 4.5 0.2–11.4 0.0–39.2
 Hearing acuity -HV4096 left (Db) 548 18.0 13.6 3.0–44.0 0.0–100.0
 Hearing loss left 4096 Hz [%] 548 1.4 2.3 0.1–6.4 0.0–15.0
 Hearing acuity -HV4096 right (Db) 549 18.5 13.4 3.0–45.5 0.0–100.0
 Hearing loss right 4096 Hz [%] 549 1.4 2.4 0.1–6.4 0.0–15.0
 Hearing acuity -HV512 left (Db) 551 14.9 7.5 5.0–26.0 0.0–100.0
 Hearing acuity -HV512 left (%) 551 1.8 2.7 0.2–4.9 0.0–40.0
 Hearing acuity -HV512 right (Db) 551 18.1 7.7 8.0–30.0 0.0–79.0
 Hearing acuity -HV512 right (%) 551 2.8 3.0 0.4–7.2 0.0–35.8
 Start rate [Hz] 608 6.6 0.9 5.2–8.1 2.0–9.2
 Test motivation [Hz] 608 5.9 0.7 4.9–6.9 2.3–8.4
 Tapping – basic rate, part 3 (Hz) 608 6.1 0.7 4.8–7.0 0.9–8.4
 Psychomotor endurance [Hz] 608 5.9 0.7 5.1–7.3 0.1–8.2
 Viseomotor coordination ability (mistakes) [n] 606 13.2 7.0 3.0–26.0 1.0–39.0
 Viseomotor coordination ability (time) [sec] 606 29.8 14.3 12.8–57.9 6.5–103.2
Cognitive and mental parameters
 Optical reaction time [msec] 613 277.3 37.4 221.7–339.3 195.0–460.0
 Acoustical reaction time [msec] 614 283.4 40.7 217.0–347.3 176.0–475.0
 Pursuing reaction time [msec] 615 68.4 27.7 31.0–118.0 19.0–210.0
 Verbal reaction time [sec] 612 10.8 1.8 8.2–14.0 7.2–19.9
 Cognitive reaction time [sec] 612 12.9 2.3 9.8–16.8 7.9–24.0
 Cognitive switching capability [sec] 612 22.7 7.7 14.6–34.6 10.4–113.0
 Ability to concentrate (mistakes) [n] 611 1.5 2.0 0.0–6.0 0.0–14.0
 Ability to concentrate (time) [sec] 611 121.1 37.9 72.9–188.7 52.1–320.4
 Orientation capability [n] 614 50.0 14.2 38.0–71.0 30.0–181.0
 Strategic thinking [sec] 614 153.0 67.3 87.4–261.0 64.3–779.9
 Memory performance [n] 614 95.2 21.0 85.0–125.3 30.0–313.0
 Change over capability [sec] 614 1.05 0.4 0.6–1.6 0.5–6.6
Emotional-social parameters
 Stress disposition [score] 464 27.3 5.3 18.0–35.8 10.0–40.0
 Social dominance [score] 464 26.7 5.2 17.0–35.0 9.0–40.0
 Social power [score] 464 16.1 4.8 9.0–25.0 6.0–35.0
 Stress exposition [score] 464 30.8 5.2 22.0–38.8 12.0–42.0
 Physical wellbeing [score] 615 3.4 3.9 0.0–11.2 0.0–24.0
 Emotional wellbeing [score] 615 1.7 2.6 0.0–8.0 0.0–14.0
 Complaint questionnaire - physical and emotional wellbeing [score] 615 5.1 5.6 0.0–17.0 0.0–32.0
 Social activity / leisure [score] 615 52.6 13.7 31.2–74.5 12.0–86.0
 Social activity / duties [score] 615 90.3 11.0 70.5–106.3 50.0–118.0
 Sense of coherence [score] 346 51.1 7.0 37.0–61.0 29.0–63.0
Age parameters
 Chronological age [years] 617 39.6 14.8 20.0–78.7
 Bio-functional age (BFA) [years] 315 44.1 8.6 20.1–73.7
 difference_Age_BFA_Index (chronological – bio-functional age) 316 7.8 8.0 −19.4 – 29.6
  1. Abbreviations: BIA Bioelectrical impedance analysis, Xc Reactance (capacitive resistance), Rc Resistance (ohmic resistance)