Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 3 Changes in blood pressure and VAS in each group before and after the intervention

From: Hearing laughter improves the recovery process of the autonomic nervous system after a stress-loading task: a randomized controlled trial

  Laughter group Rest group Interaction Main effect
(n = 45) (n = 45) Group × Time Time Group
Mean (SD) F P F P F P
SBP
 Measure 1 105.40 (8.78) 105.13 (8.06) 0.74 0.477 6.54 0.002 0.45 0.503
 Measure 2 108.71 (12.62) 107.86 (9.85)
 Measure 3 106.95 (9.34) 104.57 (7.85)
DBP
 Measure 1 65.48 (7.63) 67.28 (8.37) 0.44 0.640 0.15 0.859 1.25 0.266
 Measure 2 65.80 (7.39) 67.95 (8.45)
 Measure 3 66.37 (8.89) 66.93 (7.14)
VAS
 Measure 1 32.97 (26.00) 28.06 (24.73) 0.96 0.383 5.37 0.005 0.68 0.412
 Measure 2 36.13 (20.96) 31.55 (18.63)
 Measure 3 29.13 (20.34) 28.22 (18.83)
  1. Measure 1: Before the Uchida-Kraepelin test
  2. Measure 2: After the Uchida-Kraepelin test
  3. Measure 3: After the intervention
  4. SBP Systolic blood pressure
  5. DBP Diastolic blood pressure
  6. VAS visual analogue scale
  7. SD standard deviation