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Table 1 Instruments Used to Evaluate the Psychosocial Variables Associated with Anxiety in Family Caregivers

From: Factors associated with anxiety in family caregivers of children with chronic diseases

Instrument Author (year) Number of items/response options Factors α
1. A Sociodemographic Variables Questionnaire (Q-SV) Toledano-Toledano et al. [24] 20 items Demographics, Medical, Family, and Sociocultural  
2.Beck Anxiety Inventory Beck et al. [51]. Validated in a Mexican population by Robles et al. [53] 21/0 to 3 Subjective, Autonomic, Panic .92
3.Scale of Personal Agency and Empowerment Pick et al. [58] 42/1 (Never) to 4 (Always) Personal Agency and Empowerment .90
4.Quality of Life Inventory (Whoqol-Bref) WHOQOL Group [59]. González-Celis and Sánchez-Sosa [60] 26/1 (Very dissatisfied) to 5 (Very satisfied) Physical Health, Psychological Health, Social Relationships, and Environment .90
5.Zarit Burden Interview Zarit and Zarit [61]. Validated in a Mexican population by Alpuche et al. [62] 22/0 (Never) to 4 (Always) Impact of Care on the Caregiver, Caregiver-Patient Interpersonal Relationship, and Self-Efficacy Expectations .89
6.Beck Depression Inventory - II Beck et al. [63] Validated in family caregivers of children with chronic diseases by Toledano-Toledano and Contreras-Valdez [49] 21/4 Affective, Cognitive, Somatic .91
7.Coping Style Scale Folkman and Lazarus [64] Validated in a Mexican population by Zavala et al. [65] 20/0 (Not at all) to 3 (Always or to a large degree) Evasive Coping, Positive Reevaluation, Distancing, Denial, and Cognitive Analysis .90
8.Scale of Attachment Styles Márquez et al. [66] 21/1 (Totally disagree) to 5 (Totally agree) Avoidant, Secure, and Anxious .89
9.Parental Stress Scale Oronoz et al. [67] 17/1 (Totally disagree) to 5 (Totally agree) Stressors and Rewards .89
10.Evaluation of Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Optimism Rose et al. [68] 9/1 (Totally disagree) to 4 (Totally agree) Self-Efficacy and Optimism/Pessimism .88
11.Familism Scale Lugo and Contreras [69] 18/1 (Totally disagree) to 5 (Totally agree) Family Support, Family Interconnectedness, Family Honor, and Self-Subjugation to the Family .88
12.Well-Being Index of the World Health Organization Scale Bech et al. [70] 10/0 (Never) to 3 (All of the time) Emotional Well-being .89
13.Historic-Psycho-Socio-Cultural-Premises Scale (HSCPs). Díaz-Guerrero [71] 33/1 (No, I do not agree) and 2 (Yes, I agree) Traditional Family and Family in Transition .88
14.Resilience Scale Palomar-and Gómez [72] Validated in family caregivers of children with chronic diseases by Toledano-Toledano et al. [23] 43/1 (Totally disagree) to 4 (Totally agree) Strength and Self-confidence, Social Competence, Family Support, Social Support and Structure .95