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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of study participants

From: Awareness of comfort immediately after a relaxation therapy session affects future quality of life and autonomic function: a prospective cohort study on the expectations of therapy

  Awareness group
(n=25)
Non-awareness group
(n=19)
p
Age, year Mean SD Mean SD  
61.4 12.6 65.3 10.6 0.277
Sex n % n %  
 Male 8 32 8 42 0.119
 Female 17 68 11 58
Relationship with the patient n % n %  
 Mother 0 0 2 10.5
 Hasband 7 28 8 42.1
 Wife 15 60 8 42.1
 Son 1 4 0 0
 Daughter 2 8 1 5.3
Resonant frequency Mean SD Mean SD  
6.5 0.7 6 0.7 0.869
n % n %  
 5 4 16 2 10.5
 5.5 7 28 2 10.5
 6 2 8 1 5.3
 6.5 10 40 4 21
 7 2 8 10 52.6
Home self-care group
(randomized allocation in the previous study)
n % n %
13 52 11 57.8 0.705
NRS assessing expectations of treatment Mean SD Mean SD  
 Before HRV-BF 6.4 1.9 6.3 1.8 0.6
 After HRV-BF 8.6 1.4 6.8 2.2 0.004
J-ZBI Mean SD Mean SD  
39.6 16.1 32.3 12.4 0.095
SF-12 (day 0) Mean SD Mean SD  
 PCS 35.2 14.4 39.7 20.3 0.116
 MCS 35.6 10.8 34.5 13.4 0.458
 RCS 21.2 17.2 29.1 12.3 0.01
low-frequency power (day 0, resonant breathing) Mean SD Mean SD  
 Before 254.1 179.8 283.8 202.2 0.574
 During 744.4 518.2 725.4 518.2 0.715
 After 401.9 335 423.2 382.6 0.59
  1. QOL quality of life, NRS numerical rating scale, HRV heart rate variability, BF: biofeedback, J-ZBI Japanese version of the Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview, SF-12 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey, PCS physical component summary, MCS mental component summary, RCS role/social component summary