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Table 3 Hierarchical multiple regression analyses predicting work engagement and psychological distress from demographics, job crafting. (N = 894)a

From: Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress among Japanese employees: a cross-sectional study

Predictors Work engagement Psychological distress
Steps Steps
I II I II
Ageb 0.09** 0.17*** −0.06 −0.06
Genderc 0.06 0.11*** 0.00 0.00
Job positiond 0.09* −0.06* 0.06 0.11**
Increasing structural job resources   0.31***   −0.15***
Increasing social job resources   0.14***   −0.01
Increasing challenging job demands   0.36***   −0.03
Decreasing hindering job demands   −0.19***   0.23***
R 2 0.02*** 0.40*** 0.00 0.06***
Change in R 2   0.38***   0.06***
  1. ***p < 0.001 **p < 0.01 *p < 0.05
  2. aThe β values are the standardized coefficients
  3. b1 = Under 20 years, 2 = 20–29 years, 3 = 30–39 years, 4 = 40–49 years, 5 = over 50 years
  4. C1 = Male, 2 = Female
  5. d1 = Non-manager, 2 = Lower-level manager, 3 = Middle-level manager, 4 = Top management