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Table 3 Each support predicting depressive symptoms under the influence of covariates

From: Giving social support to outside family may be a desirable buffer against depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults: Japan gerontological evaluation study

Marital status Married Single
Gender Men (n=10,673) Women (n=7,552) Men (n=1,196) Women (n=5,211)
  B p 95 % CI B p 95% CI B p 95 % CI B p 95 % CI
Social supports
Receiving emotional support
 from partner -.093 *** −0.73 ; −0.49 -.122 *** −0.81 ; −0.56       
 from children -.030 ** −0.28 ; −0.07 -.023 * −0.24 ; −0.01 -.069 * −0.73 ; −0.07 -.091 *** −0.66 ; −0.36
 from outside family -.077 *** −0.57 ; −0.35 -.058 *** −0.42 ; −0.18 -.098 ** −0.95 ; −0.26 -.073 *** −0.55 ; −0.25
Giving emotional support
 to partner -.090 *** −0.68 ; −0.44 -.099 *** −0.63 ; −0.40 -.168 * −2.57 ; −0.28 -.082 *** −1.27 ; −0.45
 to children -.066 *** −0.46 ; −0.26 -.034 ** −0.29 ; −0.06 -.085 ** −0.81 ; −0.16 -.088 *** −0.63 ; −0.34
 to outside family -.098 *** −0.66 ; −0.45 -.096 *** −0.61 ; −0.38 -.133 *** −1.13 ; −0.46 -.132 *** −0.88 ; −0.57
Receiving instrumental support
 from partner -.073 *** −0.95 ; −0.56 -.107 *** −0.83 ; −0.54       
 from children -.070 *** −0.48 ; −0.28 -.053 *** −0.39 ; −0.16 -.176 *** −1.51 ; −0.77 -.112 *** −0.98 ; −0.60
 from outside family -.010   −0.46 ; 0.15 -.050 *** −0.74 ; −0.28 -.007   −0.61 ; 0.48 -.071 *** −0.81 ; −0.36
Giving instrumental support
 to partner -.090 *** −1.14 ; −0.75 -.093 *** −1.02 ; −0.62       
 to children -.076 *** −0.50 ; −0.30 -.078 *** −0.53 ; −0.29 -.157 *** −1.22 ; −0.58 -.149 *** −1.02 ; −0.70
 to outside family -.057 *** −0.73 ; −0.37 -.070 *** −0.64 ; −0.33 -.048   −0.87 ; 0.07 -.116 *** −0.95 ; −0.59
  1. "Single" includes widow/widower, the unmarried and the divorced
  2. B: standardized beta, p : * < .05, ** < .005, *** .0005