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Table 2 Univariate regression values of each covariate predicting depressive symptoms

From: Giving social support to outside family may be a desirable buffer against depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults: Japan gerontological evaluation study

Marital status Married Single
Gender Men (n=10,673) Women (n=7,552) Men (n=1,196) Women (n=5,211)
  B p 95 % CI B p 95 % CI B p 95 % CI B p 95 % CI
Age
(continuous variable) 0.096 *** 0.04 ; 0.05 0.080 *** 0.03; 0.05 a    0.130 *** 0.04 ; 0.06
Comorbidity of serious diseases
Under medical treatment 0.091 *** 0.47 ; 0.71 0.101 *** 0.60; 0.94 0.067 * 0.08; 0.89 0.082 *** 0.42 ; 0.84
Living status
Live alone 0.034 ** 0.47 ; 1.67 0.017   −0.17; 1.33 0.076 * 0.11; 0.78 0.003   −0.14 ; 0.18
Equivalent income (Japanese yen)
 <1 million (reference) (reference) (reference) (reference)
 1 - 4 million −0.199 *** −1.25; −0.83 −0.183 *** −1.16; −0.76 −0.219 *** −1.97; −0.66 −0.159 *** −1.21 ; −0.69
 ≥4 million −0.169 *** −2.09; −1.54 −0.133 *** −1.86; −1.24 −0.188 *** −3.14; −1.37 −0.107 *** −1.69 ; −0.91
Years of schooling
 <6 years (reference) (reference) (reference) (reference)
 6 - 9 years −0.208 *** −1.52 ; −0.65 −0.167 ** −1.36 ;−0.37 −0.194 * −2.20; −0.04 −0.146 *** −1.11 ; −0.48
 10 - 12 years −0.292 *** −2.06; −1.18 −0.220 *** −1.69 ;−0.70 −0.202 * −2.37; −0.17 −0.186 *** −1.39 ; −0.75
 ≥13 years −0.272 *** −2.30 ; −1.41 −0.168 *** −2.02; −0.97 −0.170 * −2.60; −0.30 −0.129 *** −1.75 ; −0.94
  1. "Single" includes widow/widower, the unmarried and the divorced
  2. B: standardized beta, p : * < .05, ** < .005, *** .0005
  3. aRegression model has no predictive capability (p value for F test ≥ .05)