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Table 3 Comparison of acute psychological effects evaluated with the visual analogue scales right after the inhalation of yuzu or water

From: Aromatic effects of a Japanese citrus fruit—yuzu (Citrus junos Sieb. ex Tanaka)—on psychoemotional states and autonomic nervous system activity during the menstrual cycle: a single-blind randomized controlled crossover study

  Follicular Late luteal  
  Yuzu Water Yuzu Water ANOVA
Intensity 6.1 ± 0.5 0.5 ± 0.3 6.5 ± 0.5 0.7 ± 0.3 Cycle effect: F(1,17) = 1.84, P = 0.19
      Aroma effect: F(1,17) = 118.30, P = <0.001*
      Interaction: F(1,17) = 0.15, P = 0.71
Likes and dislikes 8.1 ± 0.4 4.8 ± 0.3 8.5 ± 0.4 4.5 ± 0.3 Cycle effect: F(1,17) = 0.035, P = 0.85
      Aroma effect: F(1,17) = 67.37, P = <0.001*
      Interaction: F(1,17) = 2.68, P = 0.12
Pleasantness 7.5 ± 0.3 4.5 ± 0.4 7.6 ± 0.3 4.7 ± 0.3 Cycle effect: F(1,17) = 0.29, P = 0.60
      Aroma effect: F(1,17) = 44.93, P = <0.001*
      Interaction: F(1,17) = <0.001, P = 0.99
Familiarity 8.1 ± 0.3 4.8 ± 0.4 8.1 ± 0.3 4.9 ± 0.6 Cycle effect: F(1,17) = 0.012, P = 0.91
      Aroma effect: F(1,17) = 68.39, P = <0.001*
      Interaction: F(1,17) = 0.049, P = 0.83
  1. The values are given as means ± SE; *Statistical significance