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Table 5 Moderate and severe adverse events observed by yoga therapists

From: A large-scale survey of adverse events experienced in yoga classes

  Symptoms n
Eyes and ears Blackout 1
Respiratory system Difficult breathing and hyperventilation 7
  Rapid breathing 1
Cardiovascular system Breathlessness 2
  Palpitation 2
  Heart attack 2
  Chest tightness 1
  Arrhythmia 1
Gastrointestinal system Nausea 4
  Abdominal pain 3
Musculoskeletal system Muscular pain 11
  Joint pain 3
  Foot and muscle cramp 3
  Bone fracture 2
  Achilles tendon rupture 1
  Meniscal injury 1
  Subluxation of the hip joint, 1
Skin Perspiration, cold sweat, and stress-induced perspiration 4
  Pruritus of the skin 1
Neurological system Dizziness and physical unsteadiness 20
  Fall 9
  Headache 2
  Dazed 1
  Cold limbs 1
  Faintness 1
  Shaking of the body 1
  Flushing of the body 1
  Numbness of the body 1
Fatigue Feeling of unwellness 18
Psychological symptoms Recollection of bad experience 4
  Heightened emotion 2
  Confusion 2
  Tension 1
Other Subarachnoid hemorrhage 1
  Pain of surgical scar 1
  Other 3