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Table 1 Self-esteem, social adjustment, and family functioning of the patient and control groups

From: Psychosocial distress and functioning of Greek youth with cystic fibrosis: a cross-sectional study

  Controls Cystic fibrosis   
  Mean ± SD Mean ± SD F (df:1, 63 ) P MANOVA*
CFSEI     
General 7.7 ± 1.8 8.3 ± 1.4 1.21 0.276
Academic 4.1 ± 1.2 4.1 ± 1.1 0.00 0.949
Social 3.5 ± 0.8 3.2 ± 0.9 1.84 0.181
Parental/Home 4.5 ± 0.8 4.7 ± 0.6 0.38 0.540
Global quotient 20 ± 3 20.6 ± 2.8 0.56 0.458
SAS-SR     
Friends 2.1 ± 0.5 2.4 ± 0.5 6.74 0.012
School 1.7 ± 0.4 1.9 ± 0.6 3.78 0.056
Family 1.8 ± 0.4 1.8 ± 0.4 0.38 0.847
Overall adjustment 1.8 ± 0.3 2.0 ± 0.4 3.86 0.039
FAD     
Problem solving 1.7 ± 0.3 1.8 ± 0.5 0.43 0.514
Communication 1.8 ± 0.4 1.9 ± 0.5 0.23 0.631
Roles 2.2 ± 0.4 2.2 ± 0.4 0.04 0.841
Emotional responsiveness 1.8 ± 0.6 1.8 ± 0.6 0.00 0.953
Emotional involvement 1.9 ± 0.4 2.1 ± 0.4 2.24 0.140
Behavior control 2 ± 0.4 2.1 ± 0.5 0.77 0.385
General functioning 1.7 ± 0.4 1.7 ± 0.4 0.01 0.941
  1. CFSEI, Culture-free Self-esteem Inventory; SAS-SR, Social Adjustment Scale–Self-Report; FAD, Family Assessment Device.
  2. *sex and age were used as covariates.