Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Standardized path weights of all three tested models

From: Modeling students’ instrumental (mis-) use of substances to enhance cognitive performance: Neuroenhancement in the light of job demands-resources theory

  Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c
Path weight p Path weight p Path weight p
JD-R Theory       
Main effects       
Demands on burnout .270 < .001 .273 < .001 .262 < .001
Internal resources on motivation .256 < .001 .252 < .001 .256 < .001
External resources on motivation .248 < .001 .251 < .001 .246 < .001
Burnout on performance -.266 < .001 -.267 < .001 -.266 < .001
Motivation on performance .192 < .001 .191 < .001 .192 < .001
Interactions       
Demands * internal resources on motivation -.016 .624 -.021 .515 -.006 .847
Demands * external resources on motivation .051 .122 .053 .106 .054 .097
Demands * internal resources on burnoutd -.073 .008 -.079 .004 -.074 .007
Demands * external resources on burnoutd -.078 .009 -.075 .012 -.085 .005
Correlations       
Demands * internal resources -.083 .010 -.083 .011 -.083 .010
Demands * external resources -.294 < .001 -.294 < .001 -.294 < .001
Demands * motivationd .205 < .001 .207 < .001 .204 < .001
Internal resources * burnoutd -.338 < .001 -.342 < .001 -.328 < .001
External resources * burnoutd -.178 < .001 -.174 < .001 -.185 < .001
JD-R Model & NE       
Interactions       
Demands * lifestyle NE on burnout    .050 .086   
Internal resources * prescription NE on motivation      -.092 .026
Internal resources * prescription NE on burnout      .076 .089
External resources * prescription NE on burnout      .045 .080
Correlations       
Lifestyle NE * burnout    .057 .032   
Prescription NE * burnout      .166 < .001
  1. Note.a= general JD-R Theory. b= JD-R Theory including lifestyle drug NE. c= JD-R Theory including prescription NE. d= effects that are not proposed by JD-R Theory but frequently found.