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Table 5 Results of the two–way repeated measures ANOVA for swallowing and oral function

From: Possible benefits of singing to the mental and physical condition of the elderly

Items Results of two-way repeated measures ANOVA
Variables SS (Type III) DF MF F p–value
RSST (time) Time 0.000 1 0.000 0.001 0.978
Time* like or dislike 2.955 1 2.955 4.716 0.036
Like or dislike 7.398 1 7.398 1.307 0.259
Bite force test (KN) Time 0.000 1 0.000 0.135 0.717
Time* like or dislike 0.000 1 0.000 0.065 0.801
Like or dislike 0.027 1 0.027 1.385 0.252
Oral moisture content test Time 2.291 1 2.291 0.743 0.395
Time* like or dislike 0.627 1 0.627 0.203 0.655
Like or dislike 1.346 1 1.346 0.374 0.545
Unstimulated saliva test (ml) Time 10.611 1 10.611 15.872 <0.001
Time* like or dislike 0.506 1 0.506 0.757 0.389
Like or dislike 1.086 1 1.086 0.131 0.719
Saxon test (g) Time 0.796 1 0.796 1.189 0.282
Time* like or dislike 0.556 1 0.556 0.831 0.367
Like or dislike 1.287 1 1.287 0.203 0.655
Stimulated saliva test (ml) Time 1.266 1 1.266 0.394 0.533
Time* like or dislike 1.068 1 10.68 0.333 0.567
  Like or dislike 2.461 1 2.461 0.043 0.837
  1. *interaction.