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Table 11 Results of VAS

From: Possible benefits of singing to the mental and physical condition of the elderly

Items Group Before singing After singing
Refreshed Total 47.5 ± 21.7 65.4 ± 19.5
Like singing 49.7 ± 21.2 69.9 ± 15.8
Diskike singing 41.5 ± 22.9 53.3 ± 23.7
Comfortable Total 45.7 ± 22.9 68.7 ± 16.1
Like singing 48.1 ± 23.2 71.0 ± 15.7
Diskike singing 39.3 ± 21.8 62.6 ± 16.3
Pleasurable Total 48.7 ± 23.4 63.8 ± 20.4
Like singing 51.3 ± 23.0 68.3 ± 18.9
Diskike singing 41.6 ± 24.1 51.6 ± 20.0
Light hearted Total 46.1 ± 22.2 71.6 ± 16.9
Like singing 47.0 ± 21.6 76.1 ± 12.7
Diskike singing 43.8 ± 24.6 59.5 ± 20.9
Relieved Total 41.1 ± 19.2 78.1 ± 13.4
Like singing 41.6 ± 19.5 80.2 ± 11.6
Diskike singing 39.8 ± 19.2 72.5 ± 16.8
Relaxed Total 41.6 ± 19.7 75.4 ± 16.3
Like singing 44.3 ± 20.8 79.1 ± 13.5
  Diskike singing 34.7 ± 15.1 65.5 ± 19.3
  1. Values represent the mean ± SD.