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Table 2 Clinical and demographic characteristics of the patient and control groups

From: Psychosocial and cognitive function in children with nephrotic syndrome: association with disease and treatment variables

   Group  
   Patients Controls  
   n (%) n (%) P
Sex Boys 23 (56.1) 20 (47.6) 0.440
  Girls 18 (43.9) 22 (52.4)  
Nationality Greek 35 (85.4) 39 (92.9) 0.313
  Other 6 (14.6) 3 (7.1)  
Parental education Low 8 (19.5) 0 (0.0) <0 .001
  Medium 28 (68.3) 21 (52.5)  
  High 5 (12.2) 19 (47.5)  
Pubertal stage Preadolescence 35 (85.4) 31 (73.8) 0.192
  Adolescence 6 (14.6) 11 (26.2)  
   Median IQR Median IQR P
Age (ys)   7.08 4.75 9.04 4.00 0.146
WHR SDS   0.76 0.92 0.04 0.83 0.002
BMI SDS   0.55 1.29 −0.32 1.30 <0.001
Body weight SDS   −0.05 1.27 −0.26 1.58 0.439
Body height SDS   −1.18 1.31 0.17 1.71 <0.001
Systolic blood pressure SDS 1.15 1.36 −0.31 1.60 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure SDS 0.64 0.90 0.47 1.40 0.436
  1. IQR, Interquartile range (75th-25th percentile), WHR = Waist to hip ratio, SDS = Standard deviation score, BMI, Body mass index.