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Table 3 Demographics and panic characteristics (N = 382, mean ± SD)

From: The development of agoraphobia is associated with the symptoms and location of a patient's first panic attack

Place of first PA at home outside of home statistical value p-value OR 95% Confidence Interval
  (N = 115) (N = 267) F or chi-square    Lower Upper
Age 35.37 ± 10.03 33.95 ± 8.79 3.86 0.189    
Sex (M/F) 26/89 (22.6%/77.4%) 92/175 (34.5%/65.5%) 5.29 0.022 0.556 0.335 0.920
Years of Educatiion 13.0 ± 2.16 13.21 ± 2.29 1.24 0.431    
Drinking (No/Yes) 72/34 (67.9%/32.1%) 164/94 (63.6%/36.4%) 0.63 0.470 1.214 0.751 1.962
Smoking (No/Yes) 67/38 (63.8%//36.2%) 149/98 (60.3%/39.7%) 0.38 0.552 1.160 0.723 1.860
Family history (No/Yes) 78/36 (68.4%/31.6%) 177/82 (68.3%/31.7%) 0.00 1.000 1.004 0.625 1.612
First Panic Attack        
Age at first PA 28.39 ± 9.14 27.40 ± 7.96 2.05 0.286    
Severity (0-4) 3.31 ± 0.74 3.06 ± 0.98 6.03 0.010    
Total number (1-13) of FPA symptons 6.64 ± 2.53 6.12 ± 2.80 3.56 0.083    
Consultation behavior        
Consultation hospitals (n) 2.91 ± 2.11 2.54 ± 2.12 0.33 0.116    
Duration of consultation to psychiatric service (days) 2552.15 ± 2748.88 2474.13 ± 2641.34 1.05 0.794    
At the initial visit        
Depression (SDS score) 41.24 ± 10.98 40.63 ± 11.89 0.22 0.669    
Anticipation anxiety (0-4) 3.23 ± 1.08 3.32 ± 0.92 3.38 0.445    
Avoidance (0-4) 2.90 ± 1.08 2.83 ± 1.30 8.80 0.592