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Table 1 Baseline characteristics (N = 223)

From: The parenting attitudes and the stress of mothers predict the asthmatic severity of their children: a prospective study

Characteristics N (%)*
Demographic factors   
   Patient age at baseline   
2-3 y 32 (14.4)
4-5 y 56 (25.1)
6-7 y 57 (25.6)
8-9 y 50 (22.4)
10-12 y 28 (12.6)
   Patient sex   
Boys 150 (67.3)
Girls 73 (32.7)
Clinical background   
   Patient age at diagnosis   
0-<2 y 91 (40.8)
2-<4 y 82 (36.8)
4-<6 y 22 (9.9)
6-<8 y 18 (8.1)
8+ y 10 (4.5)
   Duration   
1-<2 y 50 (22.4)
2-<4 y 60 (26.9)
4-<6 y 53 (23.8)
6-<8 y 32 (14.4)
8+ y 28 (12.6)
   The JPGL 2000 severity classification:   
Remission 13 (5.8)
Mild disease 107 (48.0)
Moderate disease 84 (37.7)
Severe disease 19 (8.5)
   Medications:   
Corticosteroids regular use 38 (17.0)
β2-stimulants regular use 100 (44.8)
Theophylline regular use 166 (74.4)
DSCG inhalation regular use 101 (45.3)
Oral anti-allergics regular use 45 (20.2)
Comorbid allergic conditions:   
Atopic dermatitis 100 (44.8)
Allergic rhinitis 130 (58.3)
Other allergic conditions 103 (46.2)
   Parent history of bronchial asthma 70 (31.4)
   No. of factors reported to cause deterioration 5 (3-8)
   Serum Ig E (IU/ml) 499 (192-1253)
Environmental background   
   Mother's age (y) 36.2 (5.2)
   Mother's education (y) 14 (9-18)§
   Mother's job:   
Full-time worker 25 (11.2)
Part-time worker 44 (19.7)
Housewife 147 (65.9)
Others 7 (3.1)
   Number of adult cohabiters:   
1 (mother only) 5 (2.2)
2 (mother plus 1) 179 (80.3)
3+ (mother plus 2+) 39 (17.5)
Living with smokers 130 (58.6)
  1. *Figures are in N (%) unless otherwise indicated: median (IQR), mean (standard deviation), §median (range).