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Table 2 Longitudinal studies of psychological adjustment to prostate cancer

From: Psychological adjustment of men with prostate cancer: a review of the literature

Study Design Characteristics of the sample Major Findings
Nordin et al. (2001) • 6 months study with 2 observation points Measures include the Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale and the Impact of Events Scale • 522 cancer patients (mixed diagnoses, 118 with PCA, 8% late-stage PCA) • Depression scores at diagnosis predicted levels 6 months later Risk factors: Advanced disease; low social support
• Recommendation: Screen with a depression measure and one social support question
Visser et al. (2003) • 3 months study with 2 observation points Measures include the EORTC • 23 PCA and 38 benign prostate hyperplasia patients
• Large attrition rates
• Mixed therapy modes
• QOL for PCA patients decreased over the 3 months but not for BPH patients
• Psychosocial factors were stable and contributed little to change in QOL